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KEY CONCEPTS TO REMEMBER IN RESEARCH HIGHSCHOOL

KEY CONCEPTS TO REMEMBER IN RESEARCH

1. latent – type of variable cannot be directly observed like personality traits.

2. Covariate – type of variable create interactions with the independent and dependent variables.

3.  constant – type of variable do not undergo any changes during experiment.

4. Must be in grades 9-12 – eligibility/limitations of ISEF participants.

5. Logbook – serves as record of the students in their research.

6. Matched comparison – type of quasi-experimental research choose a treatment group and another group that has similarities with the treatment group.

7. Single subject – type of quasi-experimental research gives series of pre-test and posttest.

8. Experimental – is a way of finding out truths about a subject by describing the collected data about subject and determining relationships with one another.

9. Discussion – parts of a research paper uses past tense when reporting the result.

10. Experimental Design- complete sequence of steps undertaken to answer the research problem.

11. Vertebrate Animal Form- form is not required for studies involving human participants.

12. Inductive- approach in quantitative research begin with bigger ideas such as theories or concepts to smaller ideas.

13. Cross and sign the error part – If something is wrong on a page or if you discover an accidental page.

14. Conclusion- part of scientific paper mentions the practical application of the study.

15. Discussion

  • part of the research paper is treated as the “soul” and not just an accessory part.
  • Integrated the review of related literature.
  • part of paper usually answers this question, “What are the implications of the results and the trends derived from the data analysis conducted?”

16. Abstract – part of the study must include short background of the study, objectives of the study, materials and methods, results, conclusion and significance.

17. Results- part of paper, wherein no discussion should be presented.

18. Review of Related Literature- component of a good investigatory project provides additional knowledge and insights in organizing the concepts and principles fundamental to the study.

19. Background of the study – discusses relevant information, reviews most recent findings, and identifies gaps in existing knowledge about the study.

20. Research Hypothesis – part of the research paper is stated in a declarative form that suggests the outcome of the experiment.

21. Introduction – It gives the readers a comprehensive view of the particular field of study, in preparation for analyzing the specific problem investigated.

22. Abstract – part of a research paper composed of the summary of the purpose, procedure, data and conclusion.

23. Research Team Leader – responsible for seeing the task and concepts that is assigned for each team member.

24. More focused – advantage of individual research.

25. Research Ethics – set of principles to guide and assist researchers in deciding which goals are most important and in reconciling conflicting values.

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