“The Research Paper.” What picture comes to mind when you hear those words: working with piles of papers and books, searching for the “treasure” of the thoughts of others? Whatever picture you make, it’s a sure bet that you’re looking at sources of information—articles, books, people, works of art. Yet, the research paper is more than the number of your sources, more than a compilation of different pieces of information on the topic, and more than a summary of the literature in the field. A study paper analyzes or argues a point of view. Irrespective of the type of research paper you are writing, your finished research paper should present your own thinking, backed up by others’ ideas and knowledge.
To draw a parallel, a prosecutor investigates and reads several cases and uses them to help his own case. A scientist reads many case studies to support an interpretation of a scientific theory. Similarly, a history student writing about the Vietnam War could read newspaper articles and books and interview veterans to establish and validate a view and support it with facts.
A research paper is an expanded article that provides your own explanation or assessment, or claims. When you’re writing an essay, you’re using what you know personally, and you’ve been thinking about a subject. When you write a research article, you draw on what you know about the topic and make a concerted effort to find out what the experts know. The research paper includes surveying the area of expertise to find the best available details in this field. And the survey can be orderly and centered if you know how to do it. Don’t worry—you’re not going to get lost in the sea of springs.
In reality, this guide is intended to help you navigate the research journey by creating a research question and thesis, doing research, writing a report, and recording your sources correctly.
INTRODUCTION – it presents the background of the study, hypothesis and statement of the problem, objectives, significance and, limitations of the study. It gives the readers a comprehensive view of the particular field of study, in preparation for analyzing the specific problem investigated.
Research Hypothesis – part of the research paper is stated in a declarative form that suggests the outcome of the experiment.
Abstract- part of the study must include short background of the study,
objectives of the study, materials and methods, results, conclusion and
significance. It is a part of a research paper composed of the summary of the purpose, procedure, data and conclusion.
DISCUSSION – the “soul” of the research paper and not just an accessory part. Part of a research paper uses past tense when reporting the
result. Integrated the review of related literature. Part of paper usually answers this question, “What are the implications of the results and the trends derived from the data analysis conducted?”
RESULTS -it shows tables, figures, and graphs. It is a part of paper, wherein no discussion should be presented.
Review of Related Literature- component of a good investigatory project
provides additional knowledge and insights in organizing the concepts and principles fundamental to the study.
Background of the study – discusses relevant information, reviews most recent findings, and identifies gaps in existing knowledge about the study.
METHODOLOGY – it presents the test and procedures conducted by the researchers and Regulated Research Institute or RRI.
CONCLUSION – it answers the objectives presented in the introduction.